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ASCII - An acronym for American Standard Code for Information Interchange. ASCII files are plain, unformatted text files that are understood by virtually any computer. Windows Notepad and virtually any word processor can read and create ASCII files. ASCII files usually have the ".TXT" extension (e.g., README.TXT).


Binary File - A file that contains data or program instructions written in ASCII and extended ASCII characters.


Bit - A binary digit in the binary numbering system. Its value can be 0 or 1. In an 8-bit character scheme, it takes 8 bits to make a byte (character) of data.


Bytes - A collection of eight bits that represent a character, letter or punctuation mark.


Cable - Transmission medium of copper wire or optical fiber wrapped in a protective cover.


Client/Server - A networking system in which one or more file servers (Server) provide services; such as network management, application, and centralized data storage for workstations (Clients).



PC - abbreviation for a Personal Computer.


Ports - is a connection point for a cable.


Protocol - is a formal description of a set of rules and conventions that govern how devices on a network exchange information.